A chronological analysis of the history of cloning

They believe, for example, that the early embryo should be treated with respect because it has an intermediate moral status: a moral status lower than that of a person but higher than that of an ordinary body cell.

Additionally, the book discusses public opinion about cloning and the legislative and administration actions that have been taken with regard to the practice.

Ethics of cloning

In this sense, the only indicative study to date is that conducted by Neresini on the Italian press [ 5 ]. Aiken ed. Resnik, D. Fletcher, J. Putnam, H. We had met at a conference in the early s, when we were both budding scientists playing around with cloning, Keith with sheep, me with cows. Although the media debate was first channelled towards ethical and legal issues, other interpretive frames were used afterwards. The motivations of the former are pathological; those of the latter normal or even commendable. Douglas, T. The cloning of Dolly as a "scientific fact" The media converted Dolly into a kind of totemic animal, a sign of the times Figure 1.

Perhaps cloning therapies will only be a realistic option for the very rich? Buchanan, A. Millions of Internet sites.

Human cloning

The story was brought to light by a scientific editor working for The London Observer, who obtained the information from a source other than Nature, thus technically breaking the embargo that the journal had placed on the information see [15, 20]. Moreover, cloning may cure diseases and not only treat symptoms. From this, it is clear that the ethical debate has always revolved around the need for enacting laws on the use of reprogenetic techniques. And both cloning and spindle transfer could enable parents to prevent the transmission of genetic disease to their children while at the same time controlling the genetic identity or genetic parentage of their children. Dictators would want armies of clones to achieve their political goals. The history of cloning experiments dates back more than a century, but advances in technology in recent decades have multiplied the potential applications of cloning—and expanded the controversies surrounding these possibilities. This would avoid dangerous exposure of patients to sometimes highly experimental drugs. On many occasions, the headline is determinist and the body of the news item is not, thus producing the so-called framing effect. Informed consent for altruistic organ donation by living donors to strangers has also been suggested as a model, since, in both cases, the benefits will be for strangers and not for the donor. Therefore, animal cloning should have been seen as a positive concept, regardless of the technical, ethical and moral issues that the more than reprehensible cloning of humans would raise.

Pence, G. Science regrets the time that the peer reviewers and others spent evaluating these papers as well as the time and resources that the scientific community may have spent trying to replicate these results. February Ethical issues arise regarding how these oocytes could be obtained.

who discovered cloning
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Part One: Scientific and Historical Background