A discussion on the ethical acceptability of practicing euthanasia
Wien Med Wochenschr, — One can die healed. As a lone justification, relief of suffering allows euthanasia of those unable to consent for themselves according to this reasoning: If allowing euthanasia is to do good to those mentally competent people who suffer, denying it to suffering people unable to consent for themselves is wrong; it is discriminating against them on the basis of mental handicap.
We return to the trial judgment in the Carter case because it illustrates how such a right can be distorted and co-opted in the service of legalizing PAS or even euthanasia.
We note, also, that intention is often central in determining the ethical and moral acceptability of conduct, in general. In a series of episodes in early , Hayley was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and subsequently resorted to suicide in the presence of her husband, Roy Cropper. Even if it were correct, as pro-euthanasia advocates argue, that when a competent adult person gives informed consent to euthanasia there is no breach of respect for human life at the level of the individual, there is still a breach of respect for human life in general. Other reasons include pain, but it is not the most important. Its practitioners have strongly rejected euthanasia. How will the legitimatization of euthanasia and its insertion in the everyday professional vernacular and practice alter the ethos of medicine? As one of us MAS has repeatedly pointed out, we should not judge the ethical tone of a society by how it treats its strongest, most privileged, most powerful members, but rather by how it treats its weakest, most vulnerable and most in need. Healing is inseparable from the need of humans to cope with the bafflement, fear, and suffering brought on by sickness. Although fanciful, this prediction is well aligned with a conception of the world that views persons as reducible to bodies with complex networks of neurological circuits wherein the entire range of human experiences can be created, recorded, interpreted, and terminated. How will the involvement of physicians in inflicting death affect their thinking, decisions, and day-to-day practice? We are indebted to Canadian bioethicist Dr Tom Koch for this particular formulation of the issue.
Shuriye A. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
Further information Readers who require more detailed information concerning the reference list and cited texts should contact the corresponding author by email. Some will argue that agency is different in assisted suicide and euthanasia; in the former, the physician is somewhat removed from the actual act. Keown J, editor. Suicide is generally considered a failure of sorts: the manifestation of inadequately treated depression, a lapse in community support, a personal shortcoming, societal disgrace, or a combination thereof. Healers have existed across time and cultures; this is an important focus of interest for medical anthropologists. We will use the word euthanasia to include PAS except where we state otherwise or it is clear we are dealing with the issues separately. The notion of a personal self emerged in the Renaissance, where it was thought that the personal self could be worked on and perfected. The history of euthanasia debates in the United States and Britain.
Simply, respondents are absolutely against these procedures, except for the one, who believes that in some cases PAS would be ethically acceptable. However, assisted suicide and euthanasia are not necessarily glued to physicians.
Euthanasia and nursing code of ethics
It is essential that health care practitioners are not among the latter. Serbian [ Google Scholar ] 4. The same is true in making euthanasia a medical act. The autonomous personal self is seen to rule supreme. In addition, physicians in some cases consider that they should not abandon their patients and that they should take responsibility for their death. Emanuel EJ. The trial judge in the Carter case, Justice Lynn Smith, considered the reasons for that repeal. Where does one get the idea that we are ever in control? They bypass a debate about the reasons that led to killing by using ADE. Encyclopedia of criminal justice ethics. Suicide is a solitary act carried out by an individual usually in despair. As a lone justification, relief of suffering allows euthanasia of those unable to consent for themselves according to this reasoning: If allowing euthanasia is to do good to those mentally competent people who suffer, denying it to suffering people unable to consent for themselves is wrong; it is discriminating against them on the basis of mental handicap. As a consequence, to obtain legally valid informed consent to euthanasia, the patient must be offered fully adequate palliative care. As explained earlier, intentions are often central in deciding what is and is not ethical.
What are the potential corrosive effects on hospitals of accepting the language of euthanasia and in implementing that mandate? It is, as ethicist Alfred Tauber has suggested, two-faced.
based on 42 review