A look at the role and significance of women in ancient greece

A look at the role and significance of women in ancient greece

Photos by Maria Daniels for the Perseus Project k. Women were not active in making the initial decision, because it was arranged and planned by a father figure or male relative. As slaves, they would have performed all manner of duties and they would also have worked in businesses such as shops and bakeries. The answers may be hard to uncover, but a look at myths is a good place to begin. Women were not permitted to enter the room where their husbands had dinner with their friends. Her dowry was in no legal sense her own, as it was given by her kyrios and she could not dispose of it herself. Giving birth to a girl was seen as an embarrassment and disgrace. Most divorces in ancient Greece were by the husband. Music, mythology, religion, art, astronomy, philosophy and history were all taught as segments of this level of education. Finally, some women participated in cults and performed as priestesses to certain female deities Demeter and Aphrodite especially and also Dionysos.

Evidence from written and archaeological sources suggests that the poorer women were involved in a range of occupations, such as ribbon selling and grape picking. This largely depended on their individual relationships, though.

No ancient manuscripts, journals, or diaries written by Greek women were found.

womens roles in ancient greece

Greek girls and women were expected to learn from the myth and to strive not to be like Agamemnon's treacherous wife. Dowry, a form of property or inheritance, was more or less seen as a necessity in order to be considered for marriage.

Surviving works of art feature women in various guises, but rarely give an insight into any other kind of world except that in which women were controlled, contained and often exploited.

ancient greek womens clothing

Sparta, however, was the exception. Just as a mother nurses a child, the society of ancient GreeceB. Greek cooking equipment was small and light and could be easily set up there. Before that, he could brake up the marriage so that the woman could return home, or marry another man. These babies would not be directly killed, but put in a clay pot or jar and deserted outside the front door or on the roadway.

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Ancient Greek Women in Athens