The Massordination, and the presence in Ireland of Catholic Bishops were all banned, although some did carry on secretly. The beliefs that underlie the sort of strong anti-Catholicism once seen in the United Kingdom were summarized by William Blackstone in his Commentaries on the Laws of England : As to papistswhat has been said of the Protestant dissenters would hold equally strong for a general toleration of them; provided their separation was founded only upon difference of opinion in religion, and their principles did not also extend to a subversion of the civil government.
The section as to taking and prosecuting priests were repealed, as also the penalty of perpetual imprisonment for keeping a school.
The Act of Supremacy which asserted England's independence from papal authority was repealed in by Henry's devoutly Catholic daughter Queen Mary I when she reinstituted Catholicism as England's state religion.
Hundreds of Catholic homes and at least one Church were burnt out in the aftermath of the skirmish. InPope Pius V sought to depose Elizabeth with the papal bull Regnans in Excelsiswhich declared her a heretic and purported to dissolve the duty of all Elizabeth's subjects of their allegiance to her.
Violent persecution also resulted, leading to the torture and execution of many Catholics, both clergy and laity. Catholics were also enabled to inherit and purchase land, nor was a Protestant heir any longer empowered to enter and enjoy the estate of his Catholic kinsman.
The Great Fire of London in was blamed on the Catholics and an inscription ascribing it to 'Popish frenzy' was engraved on the Monument to the Great Fire of Londonwhich marked the location where the fire started this inscription was only removed in The Bull released Catholics from any loyalty to Elizabeth and called upon them to remove her from the throne.
Despite this, Parliament took no chances and in passed a series of Acts designed to protect Elizabeth from any consequences of the Papal Bull.
However, the Pope had miscalculated.
English and Welsh Catholics preferred to keep quiet about their religious beliefs and remained loyal to Elizabeth.
In addition, Catholics began to enter the linen weaving trade, thus depressing Protestant wage rates.