See also, most recently, Cameron, Enchanted Europe, 1— The second is intellectual and includes the appropriation of ancient Greek, Islamic, and medieval Jewish philosophi- cal reflection, especially insofar as it encompassed natural philosophy, and the establish- ment of institutions of learning that encouraged all-encompassing systems of thought to address such issues as the reality and morality of magic.
Bauer eds. Unlike the beliefs in divination or healing magic, there was no possibility that causing harm through occult means was anything but magical. He received his doctorate in history in from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois.
See also the work on magic and the rise of science in, e.
The entry on magic appeared in volume nine in December Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne,