Kantianism and act utilitarianism essay

Take any well-known theory of pattern-based reasons, and modify its claims in one or more of the three dimensions of favouring, eligibility and interaction in ways that are plausible but that do not merely reproduce views that are already well known.

kantian ethics

Related Papers. Passive euthanasia does not conform to this view, making it ethically wrong according to Kantianism In doing this, she will be acting in accordance with the imperfect duties.

why kantianism is better than utilitarianism

Moreover, Kant highlights that it is the responsibility of the hospital staff to prolong the life of Brophy despite the pressure from the family.

Reason is great, but I think we need more in order to motivate moral duties. In realizing part of a KE pattern, an agent does the following.

Utilitarianism vs kantianism essay

According to him, human beings are moral agents that should use reasoning while making ethical decisions. Every rational agent would always respect the humanity of 3 D. Travelling from one end of this spectrum to the other — which is to say, varying how the other person would respond to being Christopher Woodard told the truth — makes no difference to the duty not to lie, according to Kantianism. Utilitarianism This moral theory is the work of philosopher Mill. It is unknown to the public whether Liang was acting under orders when he designed the software or he decided to create it on his own to meet requirements his superiors gave him. In both cases, the claim is that we get some insight into theory X by seeing how it is related to some other theories Y and Z. Another difference between Kantianism and act-utilitarianism is even more striking and important.

In doing so, the doctors will be responding to moral duty. Instead, I will be arguing that 1 H.

kant good will

This principle implies that judgment of actions occurs according to the measure and proportion that they cause happiness or its reverse state As I have explained, act- consequentialism can be understood as a theory of pattern-based reasons albeit one that recognizes only minimal patterns as eligible.

This principle dissuades people from viewing humanity as a means, a regard that would prove debilitating to the dignity of humans.

Arguments against affirmative action are that it: creates reverse discrimination, lowers standards for minorities, and demeans true minority achievement. Whenever a rational agent acts on one of these maxims, she thereby acts as a member of the Kingdom of Ends and also succeeds in respecting the humanity of other rational agents.

Kantianism treats extended patterns of action as eligible, while act- utilitarianism does not.

What is the significant difference between kantianism and utilitarianism

Though she may have reasons, according to act-utilitarianism, to try to cause the realization of extended sequences of her own actions, or extended patterns of action performable by others, her reasons to do these things have nothing to do with any parthood relation between her options and these larger patterns. Set aside, for the moment, the question about whether it is cumbersome or otherwise justified. Oxford, , vol. This is evidenced by the wide variety of moral theories that have been created. In teleological approaches to morality, questions of right and wrong, or the notion what an individual ought to do, are determined by the consequences of a given action. The result of these claims is the theory according to which each agent ought, in every circumstance, to perform that option of hers that maximizes utility. But it is elegantly explained if we understand them as theories of pattern-based reasons. We do not have any good reason to assume that the theories that are already well known are the only ones worth studying. Purity of will means. The article briefly discusses the relationship between these ideas and some other recent proposals that emphasize the common ground between Kantianism and versions of consequentialism. Therefore, we should also have the ability to reason to the right behavior.
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Kantianism > Utilitarianism